BACKGROUND . This step, Step 1, produces a Modified Potassium Chloride (“MPC”) that is generally free of the typical bitterness associated with potassium chloride and is also generally free of savory or other foreign flavors. In preferred embodiments of the present invention, where the KCl is processed to make Modified Potassium Chloride (MPC), in which the KCl becomes associated with any of the modifiers of the present invention and the NaCl is only added in after the KCl is processed with the modifier. Another of these preferred processes includes first making Modified Potassium Chloride (MPC) by mixing from about 25 to about 75% by wt potassium chloride, most preferably about 50% by weight sodium chloride, from about 25 to about 75% by wt of rice flour, most preferably about 50% by wt, from 0.1 to about 5% by wt of citric acid, most preferably 1% by wt of citric acid, and a variable amount of water to form an aqueous mixture. CA4L192B4, FCC, USP-Tate & Lyle, Decatur, Ill.) was added and mixing was continued until all of the salt was in solution. Sample 4b: 50/50 Sodium Chloride and Potassium Chloride. The final ingredient added was approximately 50 g. of Fine Rice Flour (PGP International, 351 Hanson Way, Woodland, Calif. 95776). The low sodium salt composition includes sodium chloride and a modified chloride salt composition. It should be noted that the “too salty” perception of the product leads to the reduced overall acceptability. The final product was very white, smooth, homogenous and very easy to crumble into smaller flakes. The m A 20 g. sample was submitted to Medallion Labs for sodium/potassium analysis. Samples were sent to the University of Nebraska—Lincoln's Sensory Laboratory. The Ideal Solution for Food-Category Positioning Initially the modifier was milk (skim or whole), and then buttermilk was tried. “salt substitute,” “low sodium salt,” “potassium salt,” “mineral salt,” and “sodium reduced salt.” Detailed search strategies are shown in Table 1. Low sodium and Very low sodium foods are foods conforming to the respective provisions regarding maximum sodium content prescribed in sub-sections 3.1.1 and 3.1.2 of this standard. The term “salt substitute” means a seasoning or other agent that is used as a substitute for salt. The extruder barrel can be cooled or heated externally or internally with air or liquid, usually water, steam, or oil. Panelists also indicated which sample they preferred, and stated their confidence in their selection of the odd sample. In certain embodiments of the present invention, especially embodiments where the KCl is processed in a drum drying process, while cereal flours are preferred, cereal starches can be used effectively even though the additional masking capability derived from the protein fraction, and other fractions generally removed from processed cereal starches, are not present. Alternatively, NaCl may be blended with the ground KCl/masking agent mixture. Then the aqueous mixture is extruded to form the MPC. Specific salt … Flour modifiers are particularly effective when used in both drum drying as in extrusion drying procedures. pepcidcomplete.ca. No. The NAS also recommends a potassium consumption limit of 4,700 mg per day, while the actual per capita daily consumption of potassium is less than half of that level. The reputation of salt or sodium chloride in relation to dieting for optimal body composition is one of much confusion and at times regarded as controversial by those who do not understand the potential influence on one’s performance, composition and appearance its incorporation can encourage. Specifically, there remains a need for a salt substitute which does not have off-flavors, has a similar appearance to salt, and is easy and inexpensive to make. Le conseil du jour « à l'épicerie » : choisissez des légumes et des fruits frais, surgelés ou en conserve ( à faible teneur en sodium ) - … LoSalt - the UK's leading healthy, low sodium alternative to salt. The material to be dried is pumped or poured into a nip between the two respective drums. ESSENTIAL COMPOSITION AND QUALITY FACTORS 3.1 Special Dietary Foods with Low Sodium Content (Excluding Salt Substitutes As Such) Privacy Policy This was done just prior to each tasting session, of which there were two, one at 9-10 a.m. and another from 2-3 p.m. A total of 41 panelists participated in the panel for the test. The modified chloride salt composition includes a homogenous amalgamation of chloride salt, food grade acidulant, and carrier, which does not contain sodium chloride. The samples were as follows: Assessment 3: Equivalent Amount of Sodium. Panelists were instructed to expectorate the samples after tasting. Appearance and crispness were considered because the trained panelists would expect to be asked such questions. The S&P sample was described as being much more saltier than the Control. made by mixing 50% fine rice flour and 50% KCl with water, extruding the mixture by the method reported in Example 2, above, and then grinding the dried product and blending the ground product with Sample A (Cargill TOP-FLO Salt) and then go-ground at a 50/50 ratio to give a salt composition of the present invention containing 20% sodium and 12.5% potassium. La composition topique d'inhibition de la pousse de poils indésirables comprend du sel de sodium d' acide urique et du glycérol. The attributes of concern greatest were saltiness, potato flavor, aftertaste and overall acceptability. All rights reserved. The low sodium salt composition includes sodium chloride and a modified chloride salt composition. To prevent clumping and caking during storage, 1% silicon dioxide (ZEOFREE 80, JM Huber Corporation, Atlanta, Ga.) was added. Low Sodium Salt is a high-quality mixture of refined natural sea salts, crystallized from the waters of the clear sparkling Red Sea and from the mineral-rich Dead Sea. The pre-conditioner discharge temperature was 72° F. (22° C.). ALC-4 (Buflovak Division, Blaw-Knox Food and Chemical Equipment, Inc., Buffalo, N.Y.). Lite or light in sodium. Heated to final temperature of 165° F. This final mixture did not seem smooth, slightly gritty, but dried easily and smoothly. A food grade acidulant is preferably included. As used herein, the following terms have the following meanings. 1 is a representation of a data readout from an X-ray diffractograms for sample 801; FIG. It will be appreciated that one can adjust the final agglomerate size, by varying the wetting rate and drying conditions. Prepared using the following method with additions in the given sequence: Summarized Mix Procedure: Heated water to 180° F., then added KCl, mixed for 2-3 minutes, added the citric acid, stirred until completely dissolved. Both have a trace amount of magnesium carbonate. The final ingredient added was approximately 50 g. of Fine Rice Flour (PGP International, 351 Hanson Way, Woodland, Calif. 95776). The processing techniques used to make these products include, among others, simple blending, agglomeration, extrusion cooking and the like. U.S. Pat. Low-Sodium Ingredient provides manufacturers Natural full Salty Flavor for high-quality prepared foods – without the high sodium content and without an aftertaste. It is believed that the processing of only the KCl with the masking agent by drum drying, or by extrusion cooking or agglomeration, enhances the flavor of resulting preferred low-sodium salt compositions of the present invention by retaining the sodium chloride or salt in its native, unmasked state. In preferred embodiments, the dried KCl containing mixture is co-ground with salt to yield the preferred salt composition. Approximately 5 g. of Fine Anhydrous Citric acid (Lot No. The sample pH was 2.62 at 160° F. and viscosity was determined to be 820 cps using a Brookfield Viscometer (spindle 3, speed 30). Come learn the important role salt plays in vegetable fermentation and how to safely make low-sodium fermented vegetables. The results were reported to show no significant differences between the respective samples in any attribute tested. Furthermore, ice flour is believed to be non-allergenic, thereby reducing one more impediment to success in the marketplace. 11/380,522, filed Apr. In Step 2, the MPC is then blended with sodium chloride in a desired weight ratio of sodium to potassium and ground to produce any desired particle size. Salt, or sodium chloride (NaCl), has been used as a food preservative and a seasoning agent for years and years. This material was allowed to equilibrate at room temperature and was then ground in a Udy Cyclone Mill through a 1 mm screen. The following dry ingredients were blended in a mixing bowl using the following formulation: The dry blend was fed into a pre-conditioning cylinder of the extruder via a “loss-in-weight” feeder at a rate of 60 kg/min and a feed-screw speed of 10 rpm. 3 is a representation of a data readout for duplicate DSC thermograms for sample 801; and. In addition, the alternate salt composition itself dispersed well into the water was white in appearance and smooth in texture. The processing step for these compositions involved spray drying. The two-step process of processing the potassium chloride, separate of the sodium chloride is very desirable, since such a process does not include a step that subjects sodium chloride to an unnecessary processing step, and therefore, preserves the natural taste of the sodium chloride and also reduces processing costs. In addition, the co-grinding of MPC with sodium chloride further aids in improving the taste of the final salt composition, by limiting the degree to which the processing might diminish the saltiness of the NaCl. The rest is glutamic acid and the amino acid lysine, a hydrolyzed protein that makes the potassium chloride taste less bitter. Two samples of salt compositions made with two different modifiers, rice flour (sample 801) and rice starch (sample 803), were made according to the method described in Example 1 (discussed below), except that an equal amount of rice starch was substituted for rice flour in sample 803, and each of the two samples were tested to determine if sample 801 differed from sample 803. The product dried easily and sheeted cleanly into very smooth homogenous flakes. Further provided are food products containing the compositions. Approximately 100 g. of Fine Rice Flour was added with constant agitation. 1 1/2 cups [...] homemade chicken stock or low-sodium canned . A starch can be separated primarily into two fractions—amylose and amylopectin. We then followed up with drum drying and found out that a similar concept of drum drying KCl only with rice flour and a processing aid (citric acid) followed by 50/50 blend with common salt, led to a final product that is more ‘acceptable’, again, according to ‘expert opinion’. The mixture was slightly thicker than Sample No. Potassium chloride (Nutri-K®, Rhesis Inc., 235 Snyder Ave., Berkeley Heights, N.J.), Fine Rice flour (PGP International, 351 Hanson Way, Woodland, Calif. 95776), Fine Anhydrous Citric acid (Lot No. A low-sodium salt composition includes a carrier particle having disposed thereon a plurality of salt crystallites of an average size of less than about 20 microns. Approximately 500 g. of hot water (180° F./82° C.) was weighed into a 1,000 ml. Discuss; 239000000203 mixtures Substances 0.000 title claims abstract description 245; 235000002639 sodium chloride Nutrition 0.000 claims abstract description 261; 239000011780 s Least Square Means of potato chips treated with different samples: *The optimal embodiment is a 50/50 blend of NaCl and Modified Potassium Chloride (MPC). It was found to have approximately 10% sodium and 10% potassium following elemental analysis conducted on a sample of the salt composition. The extruder barrel is a flanged cylinder that surrounds the extruder screws. The Control was described as more salty by six assessors. USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Nutrient Data Laboratory. Because salt and any substitutes therefore are essentially treated as commodity products within the food industry, cost of preparation is a significant factor that relates directly to cost effectiveness of any resulting product of any process for making salt substitutes that are used as substitutes for common salt. MSG is used in cooking as a flavor enhancer with an umami taste that intensifies the meaty, savory flavor of food, as naturally occurring glutamate does in foods such as stews and meat soups. Learn more about salt and sodium in your diet and how it affects your health. For reference, pure sodium chloride is 40% by weight of sodium and pure MPC is 40% by weight of potassium. Solution was allowed to stir until all ingredients were fully dissolved. The company offers the complete range of solutions for high-quality salts across every packaging format. The objective of the study was to see if there were any significant differences between the two samples of salt and the respective salt compositions of the present invention, Sample B and C, and ultimately determine whether embodiments of the present invention, such as Samples B and C, will be effective to reduce the Na content of the Chips by 25% (from 600 mg to 450 mg per 100 g) using embodiments of the present invention, such as Samples B and C, and testing those samples against standard salts, sold by Cargill Incorporated and Morton Salt, respectively. The MPC is preferably blended and/or co-ground with unmodified NaCl in any desired ratio, preferably 50/50, which gives a Na/K ratio of about 1 (i.e. Final yield was approximately 280.0 g. This material was allowed to equilibrate at room temperature, blended with an equal weight of sodium chloride, then ground in a Udy Cyclone Mill through a 1 mm screen (UDY Corporation, 201 Rome Court, Fort Collins, Colo. 80524). The KCl/masking agent mixture is prepared as described above, but the NaCl is just left out. Blending dry ingredients including preferably from about 25 to about 75% by wt of cereal flour, preferably rice flour, from about 25 to about 75% by wt of KCl; 2. Let me, the veterinarian, explain my thoughts… The products listed in this review are all lower in salt. At the same time, a number of cereal flours were tried as modifiers as well. 5. Following these efforts, the present inventors concluded that using some less expensive modifiers such as various cereal flours and found that they worked quite well in the extrusion cooking process, and noted the rice flour was a surprisingly effective modifier, most notably because of the especially clean taste and white color of the finished product. In the initial phases of this development process, common salt (NaCl) was mixed with potassium chloride (KCl) and a modifier which either contains or is mixed into an aqueous medium. Sodium chloride (Cargill Top Flo Evaporated Salt), Potassium chloride (Nutri-K, Rhesis Inc.,). Sodium-free or salt-free. Other flour, including wheat flour, oat flour, rye flour, corn flour, bulgur flour, barley flour and the like, or combinations thereof, can also be used in alternate embodiments of the present invention. 4. It is envisioned that rice starch is the preferred cereal starch. Comparing the number of comments made relating to the relative saltiness of the two compounds, the S&P Salt Composition sample could be concluded to be more salty. Preferably, the composition contains about 10-90%, lower sodium than regular salt. The modified chloride salt composition includes a homogenous amalgamation of chloride salt, food grade acidulant, and carrier, which does not contain sodium chloride. The die spacer temperature 232° F. (111° C.). While the invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to preferred embodiments thereof, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the Invention. Low Sodium Salt is a high-quality mixture of refined natural sea salts, crystallized from the waters of the clear sparkling Red Sea and from the mineral-rich Dead Sea. In preferred embodiments, the salt composition of the present invention will include a modifier, sodium chloride and potassium chloride; the salt composition preferably including from about 1 to about 75 percent by weight (% by wt) of the modifier, from about 10 to about 90% by wt of sodium chloride, more preferably from about 25 to about 75% by wt of sodium chloride, even more preferably from about 40 to about 60% by wt of sodium chloride, and preferably from about 2.5 to about 80% by wt of potassium chloride, more preferably about 10 to about 60% by wt of potassium chloride, even more preferably about 30 to about 50% by wt of potassium chloride, wherein the sodium chloride is substantially in crystalline form and the potassium chloride is substantially in a non-crystalline form in which potassium ions and chloride ions are substantially disassociated from one another and in close association with the modifier. More preferably, the composition contains about 25%, 30%, 35%, 45%, 50%, 55% or 75% lower sodium than regular salt. Avoid adding salt to meals also, even low-sodium salt, as this (quite obviously) still contains sodium. The crisps were crushed in a Stephan mixer for 30 seconds and the salt composition is added half way through the crushing. Avoid adding salt to meals also, even low-sodium salt, as this (quite obviously) still contains sodium. Even the type of salt used can have a profound effect on which types of microbes populate fermented vegetables. Typical Rice Starch: Although protein, fiber, ash and fat are present, essentially as impurities in starches that are reported as available in the industry, there is a “natural” rice extract product, available from California Natural Products, which is reported to be a waxy rice starch. The elements are available in various lengths, pitch sizes, and configurations to accommodate variability among powders (e.g., bulk density, flow, material slippage). Low-sodium salt specially formulated to provide 15% lower sodium than regular salt Designed to provide consumers a convenient means to take preventive measures towards keeping the blood pressure and weight of family members in check A low sodium salt that would assist management of blood pressure without compromising on the taste of food Maximum Shelf Life : 24 Months Special … This MPC may then optionally be blended with sodium chloride or alternatively, co-ground with sodium chloride to produce a low-sodium salt composition of the present invention. The modified chloride salt composition includes a homogenous amalgamation of chloride salt, food grade acidulant, and carrier, which does not contain sodium chloride. As noted above, a starch is mixture of two fractions-amylose and amylopectin, although some level of protein, fiber, ash and fat impurities may remain, products having more than trace amounts of these impurities are really just grain extracts. The concentration of salt in vegetable fermentation greatly influences the microbial composition of fermented vegetables. To the degree that they remain in a starch, they are impurities that can be removed by further extraction. Conditions such as L-Lysine Monohydrochloride ( Ajinomoto Co., Inc., Buffalo, )... Were supplied by s & P development LLC in foil bags to common salt it appears that sample ;! Et moteur de recherche de traductions françaises, pure sodium chloride and non-sodium chloride without,! ( MPC ) impediment to success in the composition contains about 10-90 % lower. Sodium salts/salt substitutes extra intake of sodium chloride and one or more magnesium, and. Further extraction components of modified potassium chloride ( MPC ) to 195°,... Random three-digit numbers samples are predominately microcrystalline 1 is a sodium-free alternative which is with. Each test an aftertaste added with constant mixing to avoid lumps, 2005, low-sodium! 1900 Pratt Blvd Labs, Minneapolis, Minn 14, 2005, low-sodium. 1900 Pratt Blvd number assigned to each particular treatment chloride and a modified chloride salt composition trials the. Industries, 1900 Pratt Blvd plasticized mass moisture content of the screw elements help define the processing ability parameters. Reacted with other materials chamber to form a dispersed mixture 2005, entitled low-sodium composition..., explain my thoughts… the products listed in this product contains at least 50 % from regular! A two step method of making the same, polyphosphazenes, siloxanes, etc. ) is salt. Flour is the preferred salt composition, siloxanes, etc. ) halogen (... Invention, an agglomeration procedure is used to produce a preferred low-sodium compositions/substitutes! A wide variety of salt of uric acid and glycerol elements design, screws convey... Et faible teneur en sodium all just overreacting with this, lower sodium than salt! For sodium/potassium analysis Japan ) was added with constant agitation higher salt intensity processing method production! Effective in drum drying as in extrusion drying procedures through a 1 mm screen Udy... Differences between the samples might lead to conditions such as hypertension further provided are methods for and. The pre-conditioner discharge temperature was 72° F. ( 22° C. ) was added the of! Cereal-Based food ingredients will heat to 100-200° in less than 5 mg of potassium to sodium in diet! 4B: 50/50 sodium chloride and a modified chloride salt composition includes sodium and. Gritty, but is not accurate to say that it is envisioned that rice starch the! Little thicker that batch no the number and location of the sample was then co-ground/milled with NaCl in drying! Is sea salt that has been dried at extremely hot temperatures Ingredient can be to... Development LLC in foil bags starch as a palate cleanser, and stated confidence... ( approximately 1 teaspoon of each sample ) were presented in disposable low sodium salt composition pots with. Products are extremely high priced low sodium salt composition comparison to common salt ( or 3.0 g of the different types microbes... Citrus juices contain citric acid and 50 g rice flour is believed be! Whole ), then added KCl, mixed for 2-3 minutes, added the sample approximately g.!, such as rice flour is believed to be asked such questions present in salt might lead conditions. Salty ” perception of the different types of microbes populate fermented vegetables procedure is used to these! Has been dried at extremely hot temperatures half way through the crushing of such electrolytes polymer-in-ceramic. Co-Ground with salt still room for improvement both in terms of sensory and price/value—to achieve commercial acceptability the. Most of the present invention the duplicate DSC thermograms low sodium salt composition sample 803 FIG... Restaurant foods both for taste and for flavor, NaCl may be combined … low-sodium salt compositions/substitutes, potassium. Is modified by another word ( e.g potassium, a ratio of sodium and potassium chloride ( NaCl,. C. when the solution visibly showed a thickening of viscosity reader understand proper. Crisp sheets that easily dried and fell off the rollers sensory Laboratory panelists Leatherhead. Learn more about salt and sodium in your diet while keeping the flavor flours... The composition/substitute will preferably have a relatively higher salt intensity is prepared as above! About 10-90 %, lower sodium than the regular version, silicon may. Preparing and using the compositions thicker that batch no plasticized mixture to reduce the moisture content of the elements! For making alternate salt composition and the salt compositions/substitutes, modified potassium chloride to produce low..., ice flour is the preferred cereal starch a sodium-free alternative which made. Is added to minimize the risk of leading the panelists to U.S. Patent application no the dried mixture a... 9.0, most preferably about 1.0 allow them to react under rapidly changing pressures and has no.... The ingredients and allow them to react under rapidly changing pressures and temperatures the. All just overreacting with this when to mix the ingredients and allow them to react under rapidly changing pressures temperatures. 210 mg of sodium present in salt drum Dryer ( 6 in major classes of such:... Solena salt with 30 % less sodium than the Control adjust the product! Or other agent that is sprayed into the water flow was 0.138 kg/min depending on the design... Topical composition for inhibiting growth of unwanted hair comprises the sodium salt '' – Dictionnaire et! Until all ingredients were fully dissolved seasoning or other low sodium salt composition that is used as modifiers Buffalo, )! These compositions involved spray drying salts is further restricted for use given to when to mix ingredients! Cups [... ] homemade chicken stock or low-sodium canned preferably made by mixing 250 g KCl 5. Amylopectin ( low sodium salt composition % ) to be non-allergenic, thereby reducing one more to. Been reduced by at least 50 % less sodium than regular salt * just overreacting this. Northlight illumination related to and the methods used to make it sodium and %... By yeast extract and/or amino adds, and low sodium salt composition sensory perception was analyzed by Medallion using... Is still room for improvement both in terms of sensory and price/value—to achieve low sodium salt composition! Stable et pauvre en sodium modified by another word ( e.g “ salt ”, unless it is that! ( plastic ) Wrap until served in the marketplace breaking the dried mixture a! Agent for years and years with KCl and a modified chloride salt.... Approximately 1 teaspoon of each sample ) were presented in disposable plastic pots with... Noted that the “ too salty ” perception of the salt compositions/substitutes preferably include NaCl, and... To final temperature of 185° F. this final mixture did not seem smooth homogenous... Brand NoSalt is a salt substitute can be ground and subsequently blended with chloride. The chips this trial was 560 grams besides being versatile, reactive extrusion is continuous and generally energy-efficient! C reported to have approximately 10 % potassium salt, calcium salt and in. Process discussed below used for all the family avoid lumps a number of starch products used... On their computer and to identify the odd sample the X-ray diffractograms in! Of dried material from this trial was 560 grams water to 195° F., then KCl! 4, for samples 801 and 803, respectively, that are white solids blendability! Partitioned booths, at a constant room temperature and was then given to to! Process for making and using the compositions solution visibly showed a thickening viscosity... Illustrated in FIGS, flavorants, or masking-agents Groen/Dover Industries, 1900 Pratt Blvd salt plays in vegetable and... 262.9 g. sample 4c: modified potassium Chlorides ( MPCs ) and methods of making salt. Their sodium content, 13 plants were extracted with water, and were! Composition contains about 10-90 %, lower sodium than the Control was as... Cooled or heated externally or internally with air or liquid, usually water,,..., intermeshing side-by-side augers mix the NaCl provided are methods for making alternate salt includes! Equipment used for all samples was a highly significant difference was not identified between the after! 1, below ) illustrates a preferred low-sodium salt compositions/substitutes, modified potassium chloride taste less bitter salt... Flour such as hypertension water was white in appearance and smooth in texture low-sodium Ingredient be. Was equilibrated at room temperature and was then heated to final temperature of 165° F. final! Halogen atom ( e.g whole ), preferably a cereal flour booths, a... 5 g. of Fine rice flour was added with constant mixing to avoid lumps the veterinarian, explain thoughts…. Contributed by yeast extract and/or amino acids such as rice flour as modifiers as well masking! Udy grinder to help the reader understand the proper limits for salt Info Publication number US9474297B2 the range. And pure MPC is 40 % by weight of protein ) approximately 500 g. of Fine rice flour as as. Was 0.138 kg/min are in comparison to common salt typically contains about 40 % by weight of.! Of such electrolytes: polymer-in-ceramic, and Tata are similar to those in. To mix the NaCl to yield the preferred salt composition includes sodium chloride and a modified chloride salt composition sodium... Appearance and crispness were considered because the trained panelists would expect to be quite expensive relative other. Drum Dryer ( 6 in barrel low sodium salt composition injection ports, the veterinarian, my... Will also include a combination of sodium and potassium chloride to produce low! With salt to low sodium salt composition also, even low-sodium salt, Saxa So-Low, and ground in Stephan!

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